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Today - July 28, 2014 - is the 100th anniversary of the beginning of World War I. We’re marking the occasion by remembering Iowa women whose lives were shaped by the war.

Louise Liers, World War I nurse, by Christina Jensen

On June 28th, 1914, Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip. One month later, war broke out across Europe between two alliance systems. Britain, France, Russia, and Italy comprised the Allied powers. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire constituted the Central powers. As war raged abroad, the U.S. wrestled with the politics of neutrality and intervention. In April of 1917, President Wilson was granted a declaration of war by Congress. The United States thus officially entered the conflict alongside Allied forces.

One such woman was Clayton-native Louise Marie Liers (1887-1983), an obstetrics nurse who enrolled in the Red Cross and served in France as an Army nurse. 

Before her deployment, however, Liers was required by the American Red Cross to submit three letters “vouching for her loyalty as an American citizen.” All nurses, regardless of nationality, were similarly required to provide three non-familial references testifying to this effect. While questions of loyalty and subversion are exacerbated in any war, America’s domestic front was rife with tension driven by geography, class, and ethnicity that raised fears and stoked national debate in the years leading up to America’s engagement in the Great War.

Arriving in 1918, Liers was stationed in the French town of Nevers where she treated wounded soldiers.  During this time Liers wrote numerous letters home to her parents and brother describing her duties and conditions of life during the war.

In a letter to her brother, featured below, Liers described her journey to France from New York City, with stops in Liverpool and Southampton.

When Liers arrived in 1918, Nevers was only a few hours away from the Allied offensive line of the Western Front.  She was assigned to a camp that served patients with serious injuries and those who required long-term care.  Liers noted in a 1970 interview that, by the end of the war, as fewer patients with battle wounds arrived, her camp began to see patients with the “Asian flu,” also known as the 1918 influenza outbreak that infected 500 million people across the world by the end of the war.

In letters home, and in interviews given later, Liers described pleasant memories from her time in service, including pooling sugar rations with fellow nurses to make fudge for patients.  Nurses could apply for passes to leave camp and Liers was thus able to visit both Paris and Cannes.  In an interview Liers recalled that, serendipitously, she had requested in advance a leave-pass to travel into town for the 11th of November, 1918. To her surprise, that date turned out to be Armistice Day, and she was able to celebrate the end of the war with the citizens of Nevers.

Along with her cheerier memories, however, Liers’s papers also describe the difficulties of caregiving during war.  She described Nevers as a town “stripped of younger people” due to the great number of deaths accrued in the four years of war.  In later interviews Liers offered many accounts of the grim surroundings medical staff worked under, from cramped and poorly equipped conditions, to unhygienic supplies, such as bandages washed by locals in nearby rivers, which she remembered as “utterly ridiculous from a sanitary standpoint…they were these awful dressings. They weren’t even sterilized, there wasn’t time.”  Due to the harsh conditions and limited resources, nurses and doctors gained practical knowledge in the field. Liers recalled frustrating battles to treat maggot-infected wounds before the nurses realized that the maggots, in fact, were sometimes the best option to keep wounds clean from infection in a field hospital.

On a grimmer note, Liers wrote to her parents the following:

As I have told you before, the boys are wonderful- very helpful. When I see their horrible wounds or worse still their mustard gas burns or the gassed patients who will never again be able to do a whole days work- I lose every spark of sympathy for the beast who devised such tortures and called it warfare- last we were in Moulins when a train of children from the devastated districts came down-burned and gassed- and that was the most pitiful sight of all.

By the time the “final drive” was in motion, Base Hospital No. 14 was filled with patients to nearly double capacity, and doctors and nurses had to work by candlelight or single light bulb. Liers’ wartime service and reflections suggest a range of emotions and experiences had by women thrust into a brutal war, remembered for its different methods of warfare, inventive machinery, and attacks on civilian populations. 

Liers worked in France until 1920, and her correspondence with friends and family marks the change in routine brought on by the end of the war.  With more freedom to travel, Liers and friends toured throughout France, and like countless visitors before and after, Liers describes how enchanted she became with the country, from the excitement of Paris to the rural beauty of Provence.

Following the war, Liers returned to private practice in Chicago, and later Elkader, where she was regarded as a local institution unto herself, attending over 7,000 births by 1949.  She was beloved by her local community, which gifted her a new car in 1950 as a sign of gratitude upon her retirement.

Louise Lier’s World War I scrapbook and other items from the University of Iowa’s World War I collections will soon be available in Iowa Digital Library.

Want more? Visit the Iowa Women’s Archives! We’re open weekly Tuesday-Friday, 10:00am to noon and 1:00pm to 5:00pm.

A list of collections related to Iowa women and war can be found here.

I forgave everybody, I gave up, I got drunk.
— Jack Kerouac, On the Road (via perfect)

mistersusans replied to your post “re: Israel/Gaza, p much zionists have literally fenced Palestinians…”

I check BBC daily just for general world news, but I look at Al Jazeera a lot for news coming from the middle east and Africa

Duly noted, thanks!

re: Israel/Gaza, p much zionists have literally fenced Palestinians into the tiny amount of space they have now in the west bank and Gaza. They’re strictly monitored by Israeli forces, and are p much never allowed to cross the border into what was their country, but Israelis can go most anywhere in Palestine. Israel is a world power very much supported by most western nations (particularly the US), it’s a very wealthy country (just look up Tel Aviv, then look up Gaza city) and they have military powers that Gaza couldn’t ever compete with. Hamas is definitely an extremist government power, but unfortunately it’s one that arose from decades of violence and oppression of Palestinians so they have a lot of support from people in Gaza. Benjamin netanyahu blamed the deaths of the three Israeli boys on Hamas (it’s come out recently that it was an group not associated with Hamas) and used it to kick off the current conflict. The main problem is Israeli has more money, a better military, better rockets, safe houses for citizens, phone apps that can alert when and where rockets from Gaza will hit and the main advantage of actually having enough land available to evacuate if they need to and Gaza has basically none of those things. Israeli is also currently being investigated for war crimes because of lots of reports of them targeting schools/safe houses/hospitals/ambulances trying to reach survivors, etc. It’s basically two extremists governments trying to destroy each other with a lot of innocent civilians caught in the middle, so that’s what makes it “controversial” to talk about, is that the invading force is the one with support from most world powers. It gets more and more complicated when you get into the reasoning behind zionism and obvious religious violence between Jews and Muslims, but that’s the sort of condensed version.

tbh I recommend watching this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mXjAfhCIDj4

it’s an Anthony Bourdain show filmed in Gaza and the west bank, I think the whole thing makes a little more sense when you can actually see it~

—Posting for others to see (hope you don’t mind)

Thank you!! I knew bits and pieces but you put it together really well! Which news sources do you find yourself checking most often? I used to check BBC almost daily and sometimes HuffPo but that was about four years ago when they weren’t so “puff piece” although I still skim it from time to time. I used to check the world news so much more often but it gets hard to keep track of everything. I also am almost never home to watch one of the national news shows like Brian Williams and that makes it a little easier for me to digest. The classical station back home also had NPR updates every half hour and I loooved those but I can’t find anything like that where I am now.

I will definitely watch the video tonight, thanks for supplying it. 

Let me play stupid for a moment:

-It’s “controversial” for celebrities to say things supporting Palestine (yes the Hamas are really terrible, that’s a given), I saw an article about this a few days ago

-but it’s also “controversial” to support Israel because they’re doing damage where Hamas aren’t involved and they have enforced an apartheid. 

Did I miss something? I don’t have as much time as I used to to sit around and read every piece of world news that pops up. I was led to believe there really wasn’t a right or wrong side given that Hamas are in Palestine but Israel is doing some beyond extreme bombing and violence. Not to mention this new emergence of conflict was brought about because three Israeli students were killed in Palestine. I also want to point out I’m not terribly caught up/familiar with the entire history of the conflict and therefore I don’t know who’s done more overall damage (in any sense of the word) up until now. I know Israel has been a source of oppression in the past, but the Hamas is just a really extreme way of lashing out, you know?

The only thing I know is don’t bring anything Anti-Semitic to this discussion. That’s never the right answer.

This feels so good after the past two days.
Like, SO GOOD. It’s like a shower for my soul.
Plus, you know, waffles for dinner because I don’t have the mental energy to cook tonight.

This feels so good after the past two days.

Like, SO GOOD. It’s like a shower for my soul.

Plus, you know, waffles for dinner because I don’t have the mental energy to cook tonight.

Oh nooooo fall stuff on Bath and Body Works website and the next floor set is a week from yesterday.

IT’S STARTING.

mbphotograph:

Elfreth’s Alley is a street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which is known as the oldest residential street in the U.S. 
Follow me for more travel photography- mbphotograph

mbphotograph:

Elfreth’s Alley is a street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which is known as the oldest residential street in the U.S. 

Follow me for more travel photography- mbphotograph

Reblogged from MB Photograph

imsirius:

"It’s my first time here. I wanted to come to - you know you don’t go to Comic Con without going down on the floor and seeing it all, and so the way I came up with doing that was Spider-Man." - Daniel Radcliffe at the 2014 SDCC

Reblogged from it's a moo point.
Reblogged from Accio Sanity